The Catholic Encyclopedia (CE), Over the past century, these visions and values have come to be loosely grouped together under the name of 'modernism'" (Berman 1988, 16). Absurdism is related to existentialism, though should not be confused with it, nor with nihilism. Although the entries are often brief, many include links to electronic texts and to more detailed discussions on this site or in other on-line resources, including: Mathematical MacTutor (MMT), This best-selling dictionary covers all areas of philosophy and contains terms from the related fields of religion, science, and logic. absolutism absurdism The philosophy stating that the efforts of man to find meaning in the Universe will ultimately fail because no such meaning exists (at least in relation to man). "In the twentieth century, the social processes that bring this maelstrom into being, and keep it in a state of perpetual becoming, have come to be called 'modernization'. endstream endobj 188 0 obj <> endobj 189 0 obj <> endobj 190 0 obj <>stream %%EOF Some basic terms in philosophy include: Philosophy: Love of wisdom. The Columbia Encyclopedia (), Also called Restitution creationism or Ruin-Reconstruction. The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (IEP), Harmut Krech's Bio-Bibliographical Directory. h���R�Hǟ`ߡ/w+�=�n}VM� Also called direct realism and common sense realism. For additional discussion of philosophers, the issues they discuss, and the terms they use, consult other philosophy sites, especially Andrew Chrucky's Meta-Encyclopedia of Philosophy and accidentalism Any system of thought that denies the causal nexus and maintains that events succeed one another haphazardly or by chance (not in the mathematical but in the popular sense). Also called logical empiricism, rational empiricism, and neo-positivism. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (SEP), Chris Eliasmith's Dictionary of Philosophy of Mind (DPM), Bob Ware's OneLook Dictionaries, %PDF-1.6 %���� Also called explicit agnosticism and positive agnosticism. 187 0 obj <> endobj The Perseus Digital Library (PP), Philosophical Dictionary. The Encyclopædia Brittanica Online (EB), The Fallacy Files from Gary N. Curtis (FF), and This is a concise guide to technical terms and personal names often encountered in the study of philosophy. . " Robert Beard's, and Tom Stone's (ELC), Eric Weisstein's World of Scientific Biography h�bbd``b`�$���a �!$v �b !��m��@� �� $� O�X8�7 �W�����2�����F�7 5a: Aesthetics: The study of beauty, ugliness, and maybe even the sublime. h�b```f``�f`a`���π �@1V ����N�Hh'�7�j�8���ĝ%�a$�a������{�B�"zq�.8��U��K�NDA�{Ef�6�ݻ� �T�6��/ �x̾DI�+���G��s�܄��~ [E��rUN���$|iqV��8���+����� O�!.m�>�|@mN3����msF��b$rC�m����j��̢�#���| Ĭ� ��0��ɀ�dEUBc�+�j����hn �eRE�� g��4P�@���4 ����X,r�������Wܼ���� KC���y86N�jhW��8 InLl����BF�?��qҔ�����E�̟�ZU�t�����= }5s{�A�z���C��0 ;�� Some have held, for example, that the inten-tional torturing or killing of an innocent person is morally impermissible no matter what bad con- Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Volume 3, 1967, Macmillan, Inc. What is it (that is, whatever it is that there is) like? Epistemology: The study of belief, truth, knowledge, and rationality. Also called the descriptivist theory of names. 0 What you will find here naturally reflects my own philosophical interests and convictions, but everything is meant to be clear, accurate, and fair, a reliable source of information on Western philosophy for a broad audience. endstream endobj startxref Peter Saint-André's The Ism Book (ISM), Clear and authoritative definitions and make it an essential resource for students and teachers and an ideal introduction for anyone with an interest in philosophy. (GLF). Links to these and other resources listed in the "Also see . These world-historical processes have nourished an amazing variety of visions and ideas that aim to make men and women the subjects as well as the objects of modernization, to give them the power to change the world that is changing them, to make their way through the maelstrom and make it their own. In metaphysics, accidentalism denies the do… GLOSSARY OF PHILOSOPHICAL TERMS z absolutism The view that there are some types of action that are strictly prohibited by morality, no matter what the specific facts are in a particular case. "Amor Fati: The Formula for Human Greatness", association, la vie associative and lifelong learning, Metaphysics (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy), The Ism Book: A Field Guide to Philosophy,, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 November 2020, at 04:01. list at the end of a dictionary entry—along with references to on-line texts—will appear in a second browser window. The question, What is art?, is an aesthetical one. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, ��@�`3�L�aP"KF����Z�-۲��n��ը%u���s~},e���r��.�hZ�� ��,_ؖ�5v`%-��/��RKt:FJ�|L����S���Ixj{����Bk�gB���%lGaA4۳�J)�H�J�S������B�ʣQ��G#i������{G�,-1` ���~������f�kML�1�M�5"���y6E�h=�W��a�ޑ���&\$%���� �"B�LHԷ�3a��R4~�G+��Z&�W����m�34ȣ�E�N��,:��2K#^�ןg�`�N�8K�"[��JB3�CU��l�L����&ʡbT|ъ�y8���Ёp=�7��4�#:��tJg�蜆�WtA#?��W��t�M����B1��RxRQ?�G�����s���+iX��� �}��!�>�!��P�Z�-��Ix[��H��=|y���+��� ��̻A�D���"���`x�{s>��t���xTN����[?��O�0�'��Y4*�ٱ�����fy1�)��e���aN�� ���%�F`օ�L�1�a=>-�Kև��4�.�+F[%�RY�O˻�������ٲ�A����Bۮ��'�.�j�1`����@�S�̩���\_{��J�ӞP�u;T��z�>���i��]E�'�J���"Y�v(*Kn����^6���. Stephen Downes's Guide to the Logical Fallacies List of definitions of terms and concepts commonly used in philosophy. This glossary of philosophy is a list of definitions of terms and concepts relevant to philosophy and related disciplines, including logic, ethics, and theology.[1][2]. (WSB), The curriculum vitae elsewhere on this site describes my experience in academic life. 225 0 obj <>stream This is a concise guide to technical terms and personal names often encountered in the study of philosophy. For convenient access to the work of many Internet lexicographers, see: 203 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<498A033CFE0BCE4B9AA063B53998F6FE>]/Index[187 39]/Info 186 0 R/Length 87/Prev 192746/Root 188 0 R/Size 226/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream . Kristin Switala's Feminist Theory Website (FTW),