Similar information on daily participation in physical education among Taiwan’s senior high school students is not available; however, we might expect a much lower daily participation rate in physical education, because Taiwan’s senior high school students are only required to take 2 hours of physical education classes as a minimum every week [14]. Assessment of study quality for systematic reviews: a comparison of the cochrane collaboration risk of bias tool and the Effective Public Health Practice Project quality assessment tool: methodological research. Study Selection We screened the titles and abstracts for eligibility, rated the methodological quality of the studies, and extracted data. Systematic reviews in health care: Investigating and dealing with publication and other biases in meta-analysis. Exercise and children’s cognition: the role of exercise characteristics and a place for metacognition. and I.C.R.) In other words, the students are nested within the same school and share the impact of school-level variables. Main Exposure Studies had to report at least 1 physical activity or physical fitness measurement during childhood or adolescence. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com, Efficacy of Canadian health warning statements on caffeinated energy drinks: an experimental study among young Canadians, Implementation and outcome evaluation of a team nutrition intervention: increasing knowledge, attitudes, and preferences, Process evaluation of HAT TRICK: feasibility, acceptability and opportunities for programme refinement, Measuring the effect of interpersonal communication on awareness and knowledge of COVID-19 among rural communities in Eastern Nigeria, Evaluation of hand hygiene behaviour in basic schools in Ghana: a case study of the Ablekuma Central Municipality in the greater region of Ghana, http://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/everyone/health/index.html, http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/pdf/ss/ss5905.pdf, http://taiwanreview.nat.gov.tw/ct.asp?xItem=527&CtNode=1360, http://140.111.34.54/HIGH-SCHOOL/content.aspx?site_content_sn=23880, http://oxforddictionaries.com/us/definition/american_english/physical%2Beducation, Receive exclusive offers and updates from Oxford Academic, Physical activity, physical fitness and academic achievement in adolescents: a self-organizing maps approach, Physical fitness and academic performance in primary school children with and without a social disadvantage, Perceived physical fitness mediates the relationship between parental support and physical activity enjoyment in overweight and obese adolescents, Implementation of initiatives to prevent student stress: process evaluation findings from the Healthy High School study. I understand this consent is not a condition to attend MC or to purchase any other goods or services. Sallis et al25 reported positive effects on language skills (cohorts 1 and 2), reading skills (cohorts 1 and 2), and a basic test battery (cohort 2). 0000052533 00000 n Research now shows, however, that less activity is counterproductive to student achievement and emotional welfare. The scale included the evaluation of 3 domains: randomization, double-blinding, and description of withdrawals and dropouts. McCormick, J.N. Author Affiliations: Department of Public and Occupational Health, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research (Drs Singh, van Mechelen, and Chinapaw and Ms Uijtdewilligen), and Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics (Dr Twisk), Vrije Universiteit (VU) University Medical Center, and Department of Methodology and Applied Biostatistics, Institute of Health Sciences, VU University (Dr Twisk), Amsterdam, the Netherlands. The distance was measured from the take-off line to the nearest point of contact to the ground. Best evidence synthesis: an intelligent alternative to meta-analysis. Hence, it is important to explore the gender heterogeneity when documenting the relationship between the changes of physical fitness and academic performance. Exercise and children’s intelligence, cognition, and academic achievement. Physical Activity and Performance at School: A Systematic Review of the Literature Including a Methodological Quality Assessment. The same study found that, of the children with an ADHD diagnosis, between 65 and 76 percent of them were being medicated for the disorder. We classified interventions into schooltime and after schooltime PA. The importance of the qualifications of the professionals responsible for translating this evidence to program design and teaching strategies has been pointed to as crucial to better integrate PA programs into school schedules.56 In our research, we found that in interventions developed by trained specialist teachers, the benefits were greater. The information contained within this site has been sourced and presented with reasonable care. The MOE can consider increasing the current requirement of 2 hours of physical education per week and strictly ask schools to adhere to the weekly workload. These terms were used as MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) and free text words in all databases. In case we were not able to decide on the rating of a criterion based on the information in the publication, we contacted the authors for additional information or clarification. Because of the latter strength, it is difficult to compare our review with previous reviews. Coe DP, Pivarnik JM, Womack CJ, Reeves MJ, Malina RM. Twelve of the 14 studies17-28 were performed in the United States, 1 in Canada,15 and 1 in South Africa.16 Four articles described the results of school-based interventions. Positive values represent a direct relationship between PA programs and academic achievement scores or on-task behaviors. 0000056861 00000 n Footlik, B. PoetkerImprovement in reading achievement through perceptual-motor training. These studies, however, focused on younger cohorts from kindergarten to ninth grade. Hence, the physiological effect stimulated by physical activities is likely to be larger in female students than in male students. Moreover, we provide evidence supporting the key role of curricular exercise in the cognitive development of these population groups. Get free access to newly published articles. By submitting this form, I am providing my digital signature agreeing that Mississippi College (MC) may email me or contact me regarding educational services by telephone and/or text message utilizing automated technology or a pre-recorded message at the telephone number(s) provided above. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we state that curricular exercise is the most effective PA intervention to improve children’s and adolescents’ academic achievement and classroom behaviors.