Oops! Myrica pensylvanica-- Northern Bayberry Page 3 Breakage: susceptible to breakage either at the crotch Figure 3. Landscape and Gardening Tips – December, Landscape and Gardening Tips – November. Rabbits can do a great deal of damage to this plant in the winter. Its size varies. It grows to 10 feet tall, and spreads slowly to form colonies with glossy, semi-evergreen aromatic leaves. medium-sized ornamental shrub. Myrica pensylvanica, commonly called bayberry, is a dense-branching deciduous shrub with a rounded habit which typically grows 6-10' tall. Zones: 4-6. Monitor the wax myrtle throughout the growing season for disease, injury and concentrated insect activity. Northern Bayberry : Full sun; salt tolerant; tolerates dry sites but dieback after some very dry years; can be hard to establish plants in some sites. Northern Bayberry (Morella pensylvanica; formerly Myrica pensylvanica): This deciduous to semi-evergreen shrub is more cold hardy than common waxmyrtle. While little pruning is needed to maintain the plant, late winter is the best time to prune to control height. Cut all but one to three of the shrub's most vigorous stems back to ground level in late winter if you want to achieve a tree form. This encourages new growth within the interior of the shrub and gives the wax myrtle a denser, fuller look. Description. If you live in a chilly climate, you may consider growing northern bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica). Cut back branches in the wax myrtle's canopy to just above a branch junction or bud to reduce overall shrub size. Attempts to confine it or shape it will usually reduce its vigor and may eventually lead to problems. Have not had luck with dwarf cultivars. Place the pruned plant material in your compost bin. ft. of bed area. I want to know when to prune. Watering - After Planting Considered invasive, planting is discouraged. Bayberry fixes nitrogen, and the berries are wax coated. Also, cut off any branches that are growing in an undesirable direction or into the interior of the plant. It is possible to prune wax myrtles into small single- or multi-stemmed tree forms. Unless performing a rejuvenation pruning, never remove more than about a third of the wax myrtle each year. One of our most valuable native shrubs, Northern Bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica) should be considered for ornamental landscape use across a variety of growing zones and growing conditions. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in urban and regional studies. Angela Ryczkowski is a professional writer who has served as a greenhouse manager and certified wildland firefighter. Buxus hybrid 'Green Velvet' Boxwood. Sweet Gale Growing and Maintenance Tips. Five to consider.Last winter was hard on us all…especially on the trees and shrubs that took the brunt of winter winds, sub-zero temperatures, and heavy snow. 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Bayberry Myrica pensylvanica prune in late winter/early spring (renewal or heading- back annually or … By fertilizing young shrubs you can increase both the size and the amount of flowers on the plant. Granular, liquid or stake type fertilizers can be used. Granular types should be worked into the soil around the plant at a rate of 2 pounds or 2 pints per 100 square feet of planting bed. An alternative way is to drill or punch 6″ deep holes at the drip line of the plant. Poured into these holes should be a total of 1/4 pound of fertilizer per foot of height or spread of the shrub (divided up and poured evenly between all of the holes). These holes should not be filled with more than 1/3 of the fertilizer and then they should be top filled with soil. This method of fertilization should only be done once a year, and is best done in late fall after leaf drop, or in early spring before bud break. By fertilizing young shrubs you can increase both … Physocarpus opulifolius & ), also commonly known as bayberries or California wax myrtles, are deciduous, semi-evergreen or evergreen shrubs and trees prized for their narrow, glossy leaves, clusters of small grayish fruits, off-white bark, and an ability to tolerate poor, sandy soils and salt spray. Planted as a hedge, Myrica‘s dense foliage provides dramatic bronze or burgundy winter color and protection for wildlife. In order for you to see this page as it is meant to appear, we ask that you please re-enable your Javascript! The flowers appear in early summer and last through summer, and the foliage occasionally exhibits bright red fall color. Prefers sandy soils, tolerates all but the wettest areas. It grows to a height of 6 to 10 feet and 10 to 15 feet wide. Plants will develop a spread equal to their height. Cut back any stray branches using the tool that is appropriate to the size of the branch to be cut. Native to North America where it is primarily found growing along the eastern coast (including seashore) from Newfoundland to North Carolina. Foliage of Northern Bayberry. As a general rule, cut off no more than about a third of each stem, and do not make a cut so low that it is within a leafless portion of the stem. This plant was also used to make medicine by Native Americans. Barberry, Japanese Berberis thunbergii prune in late winter/early spring (shear, thin, or rejuvenate); flowers on old wood. Myrica Pensylvanica 'Northern Bayberry' RHUS aromatica 'Gro-low' Rosa 'Knock-out' Shrub Rose Viburnum xJuddii Fragrant Viburnum Cut back any unwanted suckers growing out of the base of the shrub. In contrast to Myrica pensylvanica (Northern Bayberry), the leaves of Myrica californica are not aromatic when crushed. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Cut off infected or rubbing branches as they appear, and dispose of the removed plant portions away from desirable vegetation to prevent the spread of pathogens. The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. About Northern Bayberry Trees Non-native invasive plants pose a serious threat to Maine’s biodiversity. Wax myrtle can withstand heavy pruning easily and can grow several feet each year. Myrica pensylvanica Mirbel Uses Colonies of this salt spray tolerant shrub provide excellent secondary stabilization and cover to the ... grow naturally with minimal pruning. 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