Having emerged from the dialects and vocabulary of Germanic peoples—Angles, Saxons, and Jutes—who settled in Britain in the 5th century CE, English today is a constantly changing language that has been influenced by a plethora of different cultures and languages, such as Latin, French, Dutch, and Afrikaans. Words formerly distinguished as nouns or verbs by differences in their forms are now often used as both nouns and verbs. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. English is the language which was first spoken in England. It is spoken as a first language by the majority of the population of The UK, New-Zealand, The USA, Australia, Canada, Ireland, South Africa and a number of Caribbean Nations. English possesses a system of orthography that does not always accurately reflect the pronunciation of words; see below Orthography. Langma School of Languages is the best language Institution and this can be seen through our achievements and accreditation. Flexibility of function has grown over the last five centuries as a consequence of the loss of inflections. The most common consonant in English is "r", followed by "t". Although a Germanic language in its sounds and grammar, the bulk of English vocabulary is in fact Romance or Classical in origin. Consequently English is sometimes described as a "world language" or a "global lingua franca". English uses a writing system based on the classical Latin or Roman alphabet—the English alphabet with twenty-six letters that have: English belongs to the West Germanic group of Indo-European languages. The most common letter in English is "e". General English Questions 2018 for the Competitive Exams are available here. Updates? It is the world's most widely-used language in international business and telecommunications, newspaper and book publishing, scientific publishing, mass entertainment and diplomacy. This makes it the most spoken language, ahead of Mandarin Chinese (1.12 billion speakers) and Hindi (637 million speakers). Many states, however, have passed legislation that designates English as their official language. English is the first choice of foreign language in most other countries of the world, and it is that status that has given it the position of a global lingua franca. In class you will be working individually, in pairs and small groups and there will be some homework set to further practicegrammar, reading and writing at home. Chinese has one form: ren. English language, a West Germanic language of the Indo-European language family that is closely related to the Frisian, German, and Dutch languages. We have qualifications for schools, general and higher education, and business. Save 50% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. The su... E 73, SOUTH EXTENSION PART-1, NEW DELHI, INDIA - 110049, A 12E 49TH STREET, 18TH FLOOR, NEW YORK, USA - 10017, 1856, 18th FLOOR, BURJMAN BUSINESS TOWER, BUR DUBAI, UAE-  +971-8000180861, Copyrights © 2020. We have updated the top and important General English Questions and Answers for the examination aspirants. German has five forms: Mann, Mannes, Manne, Männer, Männern. Cambridge English Qualifications are in-depth exams that make learning English enjoyable, effective and rewarding. We want our students to learn everyday English that will allow them to communicate at work and in everyday situations. This page is about the language called English. Modern English is widely considered to be the lingua franca of the world and is the standard language in a wide variety of fields, including computer coding, international business, and higher education. They learn to become confident in analysing knowledge and opinion from a variety of sources, to build arguments and to communicate through written English. English may not be the most spoken language in the world; however, it is the official language of a number of countries and a number of people use it on a regular basis for communication. Premium Membership is now 50% off! Your voice not only conveys your message – it can say a great about you. As for verbs, if the Modern English word ride is compared with the corresponding words in Old English and Modern German, it will be found that English now has only 5 forms (ride, rides, rode, riding, ridden), whereas Old English ridan had 13, and Modern German reiten has 16. Due to varying meanings of the word buffalo and the fact that Buffalo is the name of a city in the U.S. state of New York, the sentence "Buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo" is grammatically correct. Langma School of Languages’ 12-week Elementary course is designed for a beginner where students start to use basic phrases, words, and sentences. This course is designed for those who can understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure & etc, can describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes & ambitions, briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans, can understand the important ideas of complex text on both concrete and abstracttopics, including technical discussions in his/her field of specialisation, can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes frequent interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain for either party, & can produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options. Black Friday Sale! It is estimated that about a third of the world’s population, some two billion persons, now use English. Langma School of Languages is the best spoken English training institute for spoken English. It originated in England and is the dominant language of the U.S., the U.K., Canada, Australia, Ireland, and … English originated in England and is the dominant language of the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Ireland, New Zealand, and various island nations in the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean. Your English Level. Effective communication is the lifeline of any big corporate houses. In French one has no choice but to construct a phrase involving the use of two prepositions: Foire du Livre de Francfort. Though closely related to English, German remains far more conservative than English in its retention of a fairly elaborate system of inflections. It is also an official language of India, the Philippines, Singapore, and many countries in sub-Saharan Africa, including South Africa. Not all syllables have consonants. Today, English is the main language of the United Kingdom, Ireland, the United States of America, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and more than fifty other countries. Every syllable in English must have a vowel (sound). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Any word class may alter its function in this way: the ins and outs (prepositions becoming nouns), no buts (conjunction becoming noun). One can speak, for example, of planning a table or tabling a plan, booking a place or placing a book, lifting a thumb or thumbing a lift. Map showing the use of English as a first language, as an important second language, and as an official language in countries around the world. Like French, Spanish, and Russian, English frequently forms scientific terms from Classical Greek word elements.