First of all, did you know that 25 percent of all prescription drugs are derived from plants and 70 percent of pharmaceuticals are resultant from components found in plants? Comfrey needs rich, moist, alkaline soil and generally prefers shady areas. Plants such as thyme, … Calendula, Pot Marigold ( Calendula officinalis, Asteraceae). Along with cumin and anise, its seeds were made into spice cakes to eat after rich meals or illness to help with digestion. Valerian (Valeriana officinalis) Hardy enough to survive most winter conditions, this perennial plant … Planning Your Medicinal Garden By now, you should have a list of plants you want to grow in your medicinal survival garden. Comfrey (Symphytum officinale) by Matt Lavin via Flickr (CC BY-SA 2.0). Drunk in oil, wine or syrup, it was meant to warm away cold catarrhs and chest phlegm. A new light on the Sacking of Rievaulx Abbey, How to create a landscape garden like Capability Brown, Tulips through time: from mania to mainstream, 7 ‘magic potions’ grown by medieval monks, De genezende krachten van kruiden | Circle of Life, Comfrey Salve | Cecily in Tudor Thamesreach, In search of Queen Victoria's favourite flower - English Heritage Blog, What can history teach us about the language of flowers? Medicinal herbs for the hedgegrow include: It’s long-lived and slow-growing and prefers dampish but not waterlogged areas. Calendula is one of the most familiar and beloved... 2. Dill (Anethum graveolens) by Carl Lewis via Flickr (CC BY 2.0). This beautiful, yellow flowering herb grows in USDA growing zones 3-10. It’s a biennial with purple-blue flower spikes from late spring to mid-summer and attracts honey-bees and other pollinators. Its medicinal properties have now largely been disproved, and its use in cures may be dangerous. In medieval herb gardens, hyssop was considered a hot purgative. Depending on the variety, betony grows between 25cm and 90cm tall. Cumin (Cuminum cyminum) by Allium Herbal via Flickr (CC BY 2.0). Basil adds a rich flavor to all types of food, but it also helps to reduce your risks of low blood sugar. Rue can grow up to 90cm tall. Rue (Ruta graveolens) David Midgley via Flickr CC BY-NC-ND 2.0. It can grow up to 120cm tall and has long, hairy, deep-green leaves. - English Heritage Blog, What to grow in a medieval herb garden – English Heritage Blog – The Guardians of Gaia. Clary sage (Salvia sclarea) by H. Zell (Own work) CC BY-SA 3.0. ), Sage (Salvia officinalis) – by Isaac Wedin via Flickr/Creative Commons. English Heritage cares for over 400 historic sites around England. Motherwort ( Leonurus cardiaca, Lamiaceae). Other herbs you may want to consider including in the medicinal plant garden are stinging nettle, Echinacea or cone flower, ginseng, and licorice. Grow medicinal herbs in their own garden space Herb spirals , kitchen gardens, keyhole gardens, and shade tunnels allow for dedicated space to grow both culinary and medicinal herbs. This perennial herb grows best in cool conditions and prefers part-shade and dry soil. Disclaimer: The contents of this article is for educational and gardening purposes only. It was also chewed to whiten teeth and used very frequently in cooking along with lots of onions and garlic. Chamomile tea with dittany, scabious and pennyroyal was a preferred medieval remedy against poison. What are medicinal herb plants and what plants can be included in a medicinal plant garden? Log in. Chamomile is said to revive the sickly and drooping plants growing near it. Chamomile by Karelj – own work / public domain. To start, it can be … Medieval medicine was based on the notion of the body having four ‘humours’ related to the four elements: It was the physician’s job to work out how to restore the balance of a person’s humours if they became ill, and so plants and herbs were ascribed properties to redress the balance. Its delicate fronds can reach 60-90cm in height. Best plants for your garden Every garden has its own unique conditions. Sign up for our newsletter. - English Heritage Blog, Pingback: What to grow in a medieval herb garden – English Heritage Blog – The Guardians of Gaia, Pingback: THE LANGUAGE OF FLOWERS – Little England. It has spikes of blue, pink, or red flowers and prefers well drained soil. Read on to learn more. Once you have enough of them, chamomile flowers are good for making sedative and digestive infusions that also combat flatulence. All of these plants will be suited to your area and cover a wide range of medicinal properties. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Spring has sprung and we’re all itching to sow our gardens. These five basics are safe and effective for the vast majority of people when used as simple teas, poultices or salves. You can recognise rue plants by their bushy, bluish-green, fernlike leaves ,and yellow flowers with wavy edges and green hearts. They are often embedded in the cultural fabric of social groups. Sage is best grown in well drained soil with full sun and can be grown either from seed, from cuttings or from plug plants. This means that sage and onion stuffing has a medieval pedigree! Spring has sprung and we’re all itching to sow our gardens. In the medieval period sage was described as being ‘fresh and green to cleanse the body of venom and pestilence’. While planning the layout of the garden plot, it might be interesting to include some medicinal plants to grow.What are medicinal herb plants and what plants Medicinal plants can be used as herbal baths and teas, powders, herbal extracts, poultices, salves or syrups alone or in conjunction with each other. Many medicinal plants make excellent companions to veggies and can be added to the corners of the vegetable garden. Take care when handling the plant – its sap can be a strong irritant. In this, medicinal plants are often more than curatives. Before using ANY herb or plant for medicinal purposes, please consult a physician or a medical herbalist for advice. (We wouldn’t recommend brewing your own herbal remedies without plenty of research. Since the daisy-like flowers are very small, lots of them are needed to be of use. Echinacea: Super Immune-Booster. Visit our Medicinal Herb Gardening Hub for all of our personally-penned articles on growing the herb garden of your greenest dreams. How to Grow & Use Healing Plants 1. The infirmary herb garden in a medieval monastery grew a range of medicinal herbs - here are 9 plants that you’d find there that you can grow at home today. Its smell is a repellent to Japanese beetles, dogs and cats and it attracts some species of butterfly. Many of the medicinal herbs are incredibly easy to grow whether you’re a beginner or advanced gardener or herbalist. It’s native to the Mediterranean and requires a long hot summer, so isn’t the easiest plant to grow in the UK. Consider the higher and lower levels of the hedgegrow and choose plants that are adapted to your plant hardiness zone. Herb fennel stimulates appetite, support healthy digestion, and is gargled as a tea for a sore throat, which makes it an excellent candidate for the home medicine garden. Chewing Fennel seeds also freshens breath! This was once an incredibly popular herb, and used for curing anything and everything you can think of – including a few extras like fear, ‘violent blood’, and ‘chilly need’. This was used as a strong purgative for plague and poison, and as a holy water sprinkler in exorcisms. There are even many weeds (dandelion, one of many) that have beneficial healing properties, although you may not necessarily want to plant them in your garden. The word dill derives from the Anglo-Saxon dilla which means ‘to lull’.